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Cellulose is an organic fibrous material commonly found in plants. It is a natural and biodegradable polymer used as a raw material in the manufacturing of a wide variety of products such as textiles, baby wipes, eyeglass frames and pharmaceuticals, as well as industrial products such as high performance tire cords. Compared to similar petroleum-based materials, cellulose possesses several competitive advantages in cost and final application performance. Its greatest advantage is that it is sourced from a natural, 100% renewable resource: Sustainably-produced eucalyptus from Bracell’s own plantations as well as our partners’ plantations.

Bracell produces the following varieties of dissolving wood pulp:

Dissolving pulp

In Bahia, Bracell produces special soluble cellulose from wood with high alpha rates and a purity of more than 98.5%. The company manufactures two basic types of special cellulose: dissolving pulp (rayon-grades) and special specialty cellulose (specialty-grades).

Dissolving pulp – Rayon-grades

Common uses for rayon-grade dissolving pulp include:

  • Lyocell fibers used in fabrics and nonwovens such as wipes and cosmetic masks.
  • Viscose filaments used in delicate fabrics such as women’s underwear.
  • Cellophane films for environmentally correct packaging.
  • Viscose sponges for domestic and industrial cleaning.

Special soluble cellulose – Specialty-grades

Common uses for specialty cellulose include:

  • Cellulose acetate flakes that are converted into cigarette filters.
  • Microcrystalline cellulose used as an ingredient for the manufacture of pharmaceutical and food products.
  • Nitrocellulose for the production of printing inks and special paints, enamel and cosmetics.
  • Industrial filament used to produce tire reinforcement.
  • Other special applications such as cellulose ethers and artificial casings for the production of sausages.

Bleached eucalyptus kraft pulp

In São Paulo, Bracell produces and sells bleached short-fiber eucalyptus pulp, used to manufacture all types of paper, supplying the national and international market:

  • Printing and writing paper
  • Toilet paper (hygienic and towel)
  • Packaging and papers for special applications

The eucalyptus

Eucalyptus is an Australian tree, which was first cultivated in Brazil in the 1930s. As a fast growing tree that adapts very well to different climate and soil conditions, eucalyptus is easier to grow and produces a higher volume of wood than species found in native forests. Native trees often take decades to reach maturity, but planted eucalyptus, with proper cultivation, generates wood an average of six years after planting.

Soil conservation

In eucalyptus plantations, as in native forests, treetops help to reduce the incidence of the sun’s rays and the temperature on the surface of the soil, as well as the compaction of the terrain by rain, reducing the water velocity and improving its absorption by the soil. Another advantage is that after harvest, eucalyptus leaves left in the field – which represent up to 70% of the plant’s nutrients – allow the replenishment of the organic matter in the superficial layers of the soil.

Improving air quality and combating global warming

Eucalyptus is a plant that absorbs large amounts of carbon dioxide from the air. That is because growing trees are the biggest consumer of pollutants in the atmosphere – they are turned into oxygen. This allows not only improved air quality but also helps reduce greenhouse gases.

Eucalyptus plantations for cellulose production are considered “true aspirators of CO2 from the atmosphere”. Do you know why? Because 80% of tree trunks are composed of carbon, which is taken from the air, in the process of photosynthesis.